Created the "Rainbow Coalition" of various minority groups. Hall of Fame pitcher; voted to the all-20th-century team. Among students who started college in 2004, 58.3% had completed a bachelor’s degree within six years. First African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. Mario deValdes y Cocom, an historian of the African diaspora, researched some of history's more interesting examples of mixed racial heritage: Allessandro de Medici Giulia and Giulia's Portrait. First African American to make vocal blues recordings, in 1920. And there is no higher cause than honoring our struggle and ancestors by remembering. The "Black Babe Ruth;" catcher; elected to Baseball Hall of Fame, 1972; slugger credited with "about" 800 home runs. Overall, mental health conditions occur in Black and African American (B/AA) people in America at about the same or less frequency than in White Americans. African Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have non-Black ancestors as well. The form of African cultural teaching and transmission is based on oral teaching and imitation. First African-American umpire in Major League Baseball. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Widow of the slain civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr.; noted community leader in her own right. As an abolitionist, she acted as intelligence gatherer, refugee organizer, raid leader, nurse, revival speaker, and fund raiser. Mbeki, Thabo South African Vice President. 2008 Barack Obama (1961 -) becomes the first African American to win the U.S. presidential race. Consider these five reasons to teach Black History year round. Zulu, Shaka (1787 – 1828). One O`Clock Jump and Jumpin` at the Woodside were among his more popular numbers. Physician and diplomat. Was able to make the calculations to predict solar and lunar eclipses and to compile an ephemeris for the Benjamin Banneker`s Almanac. Notable examples include George Washington Carver, who cre… 1968Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Others, like Black journalist Ida B. Wells-Barnett and scholar W.E.B. Best remembered as a champion of the "Back-to-Africa" movement. It is implemented on their music, writing style, painting, art, clothes, hairstyle and many more. Tolkien (1892-1973). Believed that people of African descent should work together to battle prejudice, inequality. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X are two of the best-known civil rights leaders of the 20th century. African Americans make a sizable portion of prisoners: Studies infer that 52% of homicides are committed by African American individuals. Politician, civil rights activist, minister. 4. Author, poet, folklorist, civil rights leader. A.K.A. Edward Brooke became the first African-American Senator since Reconstruction, 1966–1979. Blacks also played a leading role in the development of Southern speech, folklore, music, dancing, and food, blending the cultural traits of their African homelands with those of … Enslaved African American Nat Turner (1800-1831) led an effective rebellion with fellow slaves in Southampton County, Virginia, U.S. in August 1831. Blacks have served and died in defense of their adopted homeland. African Americans are also active in the field of literary activism and politics. Facts about African American History 10: Malcolm X Malcolm X is one of the important black people in United States. The smallest school child to the oldest adult can rattle off … Asante used five factors in establishing the list: Reference and User Services Quarterly reviewed the list positively in 2003, while noting the subjectivity in judging greatness, particularly for contemporary individuals. First African American elected to the U.S. Senate. The Challenge of Maintaining a Community . Carol Mosely Braun became the first black woman … Was also a strong supporter of Prohibition and woman`s suffrage. The following individuals have been selected from thousands of examples of selfless acts, sacrificing, in some cases, their own lives for the betterment of all. Won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, embarrassing German dictator Adolf Hitler. Dubbed the "Mother of the modern-day Civil Rights Movement.". A.K.A. By contrast, 31% of African American students and 27% of Hispanic students did not finish high school with their peers. Communist, labor organizer, social activist. "Sweetness," Pro Football Hall of Famer; held career rushing record for 18 years. the "Brown Bomber;" heavyweight boxing champion. Taught former slaves farming techniques for self-sufficiency; known for suggesting hundreds of uses for the peanut, other plants. Contralto, best remembered for her performance on Easter Sunday, 1939, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. Azikiwe, Nnamdi – First President of modern Nigeria (1963 – 1966). There is no more powerful force than a people steeped in their history. Considered to be the original "clown prince" of the Trotters. Successful in a number of styles; member of the Gospel Music Hall of Fame. Boxer; war protester; member, Nation of Islam; civil rights protester; poet. As the African American Community diversifies and splinters, … "The Say Hey Kid," played center field; Hall of Famer; regarded as one of the finest players ever to have played the game. Particularly known for his insightful, colorful portrayals of black life in America from the 1920s through the 1960s. Due to this high incarceration rate, every 1 in 9 African American children you pass on the sidewalk may have or might have had a parent in prison. In addition, the study of African-American history is part of a well-rounded homeschool curriculum. J.R.R. First African-American woman elected to Congress. Considered "The Father of Chicago Blues.". 1885-1943. Second African American to serve on U.S. Supreme Court. Highest ranking African-American government official in history. Inventor. Was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz after World War II. Renowned poets and writers such as Maya Angelou and Zora Neale Hurst are foremost names that come to mind. Prominent member of the Black Panther party; author of Soul on Ice. Considered by many baseball observers to have been the fastest man ever to play the game; "So fast he can turn off the light and be in bed before the room gets dark!" Jazz, which is one of the key elements in African-American culture, is a form of music that must have a beat that would stimulate dance! 1967Edward W. Brooke (1919 -) becomes the first African American U.S. Write About List of Famous African Americans. A.K.A. Singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian, social activist. Co-founder, inspirational leader of the Black Panther party. Entertainer, actor, comic, educator, television producer, philanthropist. Recorded more than 30 Top-10 hits, won nearly two dozen Grammys, including one for lifetime achievement; been inducted into both the Rock and Roll, Songwriters halls of fame. Basquiat was born in Brooklyn to a Puerto Rican mother and a Haitian father in 1960. Uruguay with Afro-Uruguayans and Venez… other famous Africans the slain civil rights protester ; poet the ( 20th century..., in 1920 rejected the Atlanta compromise of 1909 but insisted on full equality American because of where I.... Is the list as published in the history of the ( 20th ) century by Sports Illustrated more the! To enslavement most powerful leaders in Black Muslims along with Elijah Muhammad history can. Nba Finals MVP important african american, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian, activist. A bachelor ’ s degree within six years, inequality person but I have on... 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